The US Senate has found that the impeachment trial of former President Donald Trump is constitutional, allowing full proceedings to begin.
Mr Trump’s defence team argued that he could not face trial after leaving the White House.
But a 56-44 majority voted in favour of continuing, with a handful of Republicans backing the measure.
Mr Trump is accused of “inciting insurrection” when Congress was stormed last month.
Thousands gathered in support of false claims that widespread electoral fraud denied Mr Trump victory in the US presidential election.
However Mr Trump is almost certain to be acquitted because only six Republican senators voted to move forward with impeachment, well short of the 17 Republicans whose votes would be needed to convict Mr Trump.
Democrats prosecuting the case opened the proceedings by showing a dramatic video montage of Mr Trump’s 6 January speech and the deadly rioting by some of his supporters.
“That’s a high crime and misdemeanour,” Representative Jamie Raskin of Maryland said of the footage. “If that’s not an impeachable offence, then there’s no such thing.”
Lawyers for the former president argued it was unconstitutional to put a former president through the process at all and accused Democrats of being politically motivated.
A two-thirds majority is required to convict Mr Trump in the evenly split 100-seat Senate. Tuesday’s vote implies loyalty toward the former president in his party remains high enough to avoid a conviction.
However, if convicted, Mr Trump could be barred from holding office again.
What happened on Tuesday?
Proceedings opened with impeachment managers – the Democrats tasked with leading the prosecution – arguing their attempts were legitimate.
In the 10-minute video used in their presentation, Mr Trump was shown telling his supporters to “fight like hell” before they stormed the US Capitol in violence that resulted in five deaths – including a police officer.
Rep Raskin was brought to tears as he recounted fear for his own family’s safety during the riot after he was separated from his visiting daughter.
This cannot be the future of America,” he told senators, who act as jurors for impeachment.
“We cannot have presidents inciting and mobilising mob violence against our government and our institutions because they refuse to accept the will of the people under the Constitution of the United States.”
He argued there could be no “January exception” to impeaching outgoing officials without risking a dangerous precedent.
Impeachment: The basics
- What is impeachment? Impeachment is when a sitting president is charged with crimes. In this case, former President Trump is accused of having incited insurrection
- What has already happened? The House of Representatives voted to impeach Mr Trump for a second time on 13 January, a week before the end of his term. The Senate will now hold a trial
- So what does it mean? As he is no longer president senators can vote to bar him from holding public office again
Final outcome all but certain
Donald Trump’s Senate trial is just getting started. The final outcome, however, is all but certain.
When the first substantive vote of the proceedings was taken on Tuesday – a vote about whether to have a trial at all – only six Republicans sided with all 50 Democrats to continue. That is well short of the 17 Republicans that will be needed to convict.
The grim reality for Democrats is that making the case for the constitutionality of the trial should have been the easy part. They had precedent on their side. Nothing in the language of the Constitution explicitly said a former president cannot stand trial. But only one senator – Bill Cassidy of Louisiana – appeared to shift from a previous position to join the Democrats.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, who had reportedly been “pleased” that the House was impeaching Mr Trump, voted no. He, more than anyone in the Senate chamber, knows the mood of his fellow Republicans.
Democrats will now proceed with their case. They may make more heartfelt arguments that could resonate with the majority of Americans who polls indicate favour convicting Donald Trump. Inside the chamber, however, it appears minds are already made up.
What will happen next?
Each side now has up to 16 hours to present their case, starting at 12:00 (17:00 GMT) on Wednesday. These arguments are expected to run through until the weekend when senators will get a chance to ask both sides questions.
It is unclear if the impeachment managers will then extend the timetable by requesting witnesses be called or subpoenaed – though Mr Trump has already declined to voluntarily testify.
Lawmakers on both sides are said to favour a quick trial, amid an ongoing effort to have President Joe Biden’s coronavirus relief package approved.
With the speedy timetable, it is thought a Senate vote on whether to acquit or convict Mr Trump could be held as early as Monday.